It’s time to get off that auto mode and start shooting manual. Trust me; I do enjoy playing with my settings just to get the right exposure and I am sure you would love it too. I shot my first wedding (unofficial though) on auto mode and even though it felt convenient, looking back now, I realized a lot of things were not right with the photographs (I promise to show you photos).
You can tell that my editing skills were also very horrible. All I did was point and shoot and like every beginner we are only interested in capturing moments but it’s beyond that.
As you can see, I didn’t know jack about shooting on manual mode, no knowledge about aperture, shutter speed and ISO to have a perfect exposure.
By now, you already know the three camera settings (aperture, shutter speed and ISO) that determine exposure which is a good step. So thumbs up!!!!
I promise to be simple with all this details.
Aperture: Controls the amount of light that enters your lens and also the depth of field. It is also measured in f-numbers (f/5.6, f/8, and f/11).
By controlling the size of the opening in your camera’s lens you can determine how much light reaches the sensor. While learning, I always got confused because a small f-number meant a large opening which means more light and a large f-number meant a smaller opening resulting to less light.
I promise not to get you confused. We have f-numbers ranging from as high as f/1.2 to f/22.
f/1.2: Small f-number, large opening resulting to more light
f/22: Large f-number, small opening resulting to less light
Depth of field: How much of your shot is in focus. This can also be controlled by your choice of aperture
SETTING YOUR SHUTTER SPEED
Shutter speed: Controls motion blur and also the amount of light that reaches the sensor. Adjusting your shutter speed helps control how you capture moving subjects.
LONGER EXPOSURE SHORTER EXPOSURE
30” 10’’ 2’’ 1’’ 1/25 1/30 1/50 1/100 1/250 1/320 1/500 1/1000
while shorter exposures come as a result of a faster shutter speed, reducing the amount of light and freezing a moving subject thereby preventing any blur.
I will explain ISO in part 2 but pending that, I need you to get busy.
Pick up your camera,, dust it , change from auto to manual and try this out.
1. Maintain your ISO at 100, shutter speed 1/60 and play around with your aperture.
2. Maintain your ISO at 100, aperture at f/5.6 and play around with your shutter speed.
This would be best done outdoor.